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The International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation (IBSF), originally known by the French name Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT), is the international sports federation for bobsleigh and skeleton. It has served as the coordinating organization for 14 national bobsleigh and skeleton associations since 2007. It was founded on November 23, 1923 by delegates from Great Britain, France, Switzerland, Canada and the United States at the meeting of its first International Congress in Paris. , France. In June 2015, it announced a name change from FIBT to IBSF. The headquarters of the federation is located in Lausanne, Switzerland.
The world's first bobsleigh club was founded in St. Moritz, Switzerland, in 1897. In 1904, competitions were held on natural ice fields (Olympia Bobrun St. Moritz-Celerina). This growth led to the creation of the FIBT in 1923 with its inclusion in the International Olympic Committee (IOC) the following year. At the 1924 Winter Olympics in Chamonix, the four-man event took place.
In 1930, the first FIBT World Championship with the four-man event was held in Caux-sur-Montreux, Switzerland and the first two-man event took place in Oberhof, Germany the following year. At the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, the two-man competition debuted. In 1935, the Internationaler Schlittensportsverband (ISSV - International Sled Sport Federation in (in German)), a forerunner of the Federation Internationale de Luge de Course (FIL - International Luge Federation in (in French)), was absorbed by the FIBT and a The Luge Section is created. The sledding section was to be abolished when FIL broke up in 1957.
Due to the growing weight problem at the 1952 Winter Olympics, the first changes occurred when weight limits were introduced. Since then, the configurations of the tracks and the bobsleigh itself would be regulated for both competition and safety reasons.
Additionally, bobsleigh was not included in the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley, California, for reasons of cost in track construction. The development of artificially cooled tracks in the late 1960s and early 1970s would greatly improve speeds. The World Cup competitions were first developed in the 1980s, while the women's competitions were held in the early 1990s. The 2-woman bobsleigh event had its first World Championship in Winterberg, Germany in 2000 and debuted at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City.
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